The COVID-19 pandemic is creating unprecedented development challenges in low- and middle-income countries. Governments, international aid agencies, civil society organizations, and the private sector need evidence to mitigate the potentially devastating socio-economic impacts of the pandemic in developing regions, while also building the conditions for a more resilient future.
Despite reforms, labour markets in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) have been unable to absorb the growing number of job seekers. Women and educated youth are particularly vulnerable to high unemployment. However, data on entrepreneurship and the private enterprise sector in the region have been virtually non-existent.