In countries across Southeast Asia, poor and marginalized populations face a series of justice gaps due to poor awareness of their rights as well as barriers to accessing the complex, formalistic, slow, and expensive legal mechanisms to enforce those rights.
A number of countries and international organizations have stressed the need for integrated surveillance systems to comprehensively detect and monitor antimicrobial resistance (AMR), particularly in animal and environmental reservoirs.
According to the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Southeast Asia has been experiencing more frequent climate-related disaster events and an exponential increase in annual deaths for the past thirty years.
The 2013-2015 outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa (Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone) was unprecedented, resulting in more than 11,000 human deaths with an estimated total cost of US$4.
In the past five years, commercial interest and investments in agricultural land have intensified in quantity, speed, and size over the past five years, with demand for land in Africa particularly high.