A number of countries and international organizations have stressed the need for integrated surveillance systems to comprehensively detect and monitor antimicrobial resistance (AMR), particularly in animal and environmental reservoirs.
Recent outbreaks of the highly infectious and dangerous Ebola virus in West and Central Africa underscore the importance of rapid diagnostics and surveillance infrastructure, evidence-driven health communications and community engagement activities, and an effective and well-coordinated emergency response to strengthen the resilience of vulnerable populations in the face of emerging pandemic threats.
As confirmed by the WHO’s guidelines on risk communication and community engagement issued for the 2018 Ebola outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), research is a critical component to both outbreak control measures and future preparedness activities.
The 2013-2015 outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa (Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone) was unprecedented, resulting in more than 11,000 human deaths with an estimated total cost of US$4.
In recent times, the Government of Tanzania has shown a willingness to implement fiscal and policy interventions, such as taxation of Sugar Sweetened Beverages (SSBs), for prevention of diet-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs).