Aedes mosquito-transmitted illnesses, namely dengue, chikungunya, and Zika, have become a major burden of disease in Latin America and the Caribbean, where vector control programs have not been able to reduce the risk of disease transmission.
In Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), a steady increase in the consumption of ultra-processed food with high levels of fat, sugar, and salt has contributed to an adult overweight rate of over 50% and an obesity rate of 23%.
The 2013-2015 outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa (Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone) was unprecedented, resulting in more than 11,000 human deaths with an estimated total cost of US$4.
As confirmed by the WHO’s guidelines on risk communication and community engagement issued for the 2018 Ebola outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), research is a critical component to both outbreak control measures and future preparedness activities.
Over the last two decades, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has become one of the major international bodies searching for scientific and political agreements between developing and developed countries.
Recent studies show that water shortages in Central America and the Caribbean will be aggravated by urban growth, high poverty rates, weak institutions, and insufficient investment in water and sanitation infrastructure.
Population-wide salt reduction initiatives which target sodium levels in foods and consumer education have the potential to reduce salt intake across all population sectors and improve cardiovascular health outcomes.