The COVID-19 pandemic has had a negative impact in the Sahel region of West Africa, which is already facing several protracted crises, including environmental degradation, poverty, conflict, rural exodus, and gender inequality.
A number of countries and international organizations have stressed the need for integrated surveillance systems to comprehensively detect and monitor antimicrobial resistance (AMR), particularly in animal and environmental reservoirs.
The Agricultural Model Inter-comparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) is the research initiative of a consortium led by Columbia University, together with other North American, European, and Southern research institutes.
Recent outbreaks of the highly infectious and dangerous Ebola virus in West and Central Africa underscore the importance of rapid diagnostics and surveillance infrastructure, evidence-driven health communications and community engagement activities, and an effective and well-coordinated emergency response to strengthen the resilience of vulnerable populations in the face of emerging pandemic threats.
The pressing issue of widespread unemployment among youth across Africa and the economic marginalization that results from many years of "jobless growth" is linked to civil unrest and a host of social ills.
Despite notable progress to reduce poverty and malnutrition in Peru through a series of government interventions over the past decade, anemia among women and children in rural areas of the Andes is still a major challenge for social protection and national development programs.