Youth violence in Dakar: Actors, context, and responses
Dakar, the capital of Senegal, contains more than 54% of the nation's population, 40% of whom are under 20 years of age. This situation is accompanied by a rise in crime, of which young people are the main perpetrators and victims.
However, the solutions applied by the public authorities, often focused on repression, are not succeeding in reversing this trend. In particular, they have not integrated the perspective of young people, or taken their specificities and diversity into account. Moreover, these solutions have not considered the fact that in this context of increasing crime, the large majority of young people, who are often excluded from formal employment channels, manage to resist engaging in violence.
This project seeks to better understand the strategies developed by the young men and women themselves, in their diversity, to resist violence and crime. The research will be implemented under the coordination of the African Urban Management Institute, by a multidisciplinary team of researchers collaborating with municipal political actors and youth organizations, including women.
A mixed methodology will be applied to a sample of young men and women from two municipalities that have different socio-economic profiles but that are fairly representative of the typology of communities in Dakar. The results in terms of tools, technologies, and strategies will be made available to municipal decision-makers in Dakar and beyond so that they can improve their strategies to combat crime, violence, and multiple exclusions for greater security.